A bunion is a progressive bone disorder and is considered to be a deformity. It is defined as a bony lump that develops on the side of the big toe and may change the structure of the foot. Severe bunions may cause the other toes to shift toward each other, and larger shoes may need to be purchased. A common reason why people get bunions can be from the shoes that are worn. If the shoe does not have adequate room for toes to move freely in, they may gradually become cramped, and a small bump may be noticeable. Bunions may also happen from genetic reasons, or possibly from having flat feet or low arches. Temporary relief may be found when a protective pad is placed over the bunion, in addition to wearing shoes that fit correctly. If you have developed a bunion, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can provide a more permanent solution, which may include surgery for removal.
What Is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
- Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
- Inflammatory Conditions – rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development
- Redness and inflammation
- Pain and tenderness
- Callus or corns on the bump
- Restricted motion in the big toe
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in New York . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.