Bunions are a particular kind of bony bump that can form on the outside of the joint of the big toe or small pinky toe. It is important to note that some types of bunions can cause pain in individuals, while others do not. In this sense, a bunion can be a cosmetic issue for some patients. There are several steps that a patient can consider taking to prevent the formation of bunions. For example, an individual can be mindful of the shoes that they are wearing. Particularly tight shoes can lead to bunions developing. Instead, an individual can be sure to wear shoes that are spacious and comfortable. Secondly, an individual might be able to prevent the development of bunions by doing what they can to stop overpronation. Importantly, overpronation can occur when the foot rolls inward. Orthotics may be used to correct this. If you are someone that is struggling with bunions, it is suggested that you contact a podiatrist today for treatment.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Upper West Side, NYC . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.