The study of how the foot moves through the gait cycle is called foot biomechanics. This is important in making sure your feet do not overpronate or over-supinate so the feet absorb shock when they hit the ground and propel forward movement properly. If the foot overpronates, it causes the foot to flatten too much and the ankle and knee to roll inward. This can increase the risk of injury and cause lower leg, hip, and back injuries. If the foot does over-supinate, it fails to roll in or flatten sufficiently and will not be able to absorb shock. Those who over supinate have high arches and less flexible feet. To prevent injuries from occurring from improper pronation, visit a podiatrist who can access your gait and analyze how your foot works. If something is wrong, a podiatrist can provide the proper treatment.
Biomechanics in Podiatry
Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.
A History of Biomechanics
- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.
Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.
Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in New York . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.